Learning PHP MySQL JavaScript and CSS By Robin Nixon Free Dwonload

 

Learning PHP MySQL JavaScript and CSS By Robin Nixon Free Dwonload

Learning-PHP-MySQL-JavaScript-and-CSS-By-Robin-Nixon-Free-Dwonload

Learning PHP MySQL JavaScript and CSS By Robin Nixon Free Dwonload

Introduction

The blend of PHP and MySQL is the most advantageous way to deal with element,

database-driven web outline, standing its ground despite difficulties from incorporated

systems, for example, Ruby on Rails—that are harder to learn. Because of its open source

roots (dissimilar to the contending Microsoft .NET structure), it is allowed to actualize and is

hence a greatly famous alternative for web improvement.

Any future designer on a Unix/Linux or even a Windows/Apache stage will

need to ace these advancements. In the meantime, JavaScript is essential, as it gives

in-program dynamic usefulness and, through Ajax, concealed correspondence

with the web server to make consistent interfaces. In conjunction with CSS, these advancements

coordinate to give a considerable cluster of capable web-improvement instrument.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction to Dynamic Web Content . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
HTTP and HTML: Berners-Lee’s Basics 2
The Request/Response Procedure 2
The Benefits of PHP, MySQL, JavaScript, and CSS 5
Using PHP 5
Using MySQL 6
Using JavaScript 7
Using CSS 9
The Apache Web Server 9
About Open Source 10
Bringing It All Together 10
Test Your Knowledge 12
2. Setting Up a Development Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
What Is a WAMP, MAMP, or LAMP? 13
Installing a WAMP on Windows 14
Testing the Installation 22
Alternative WAMPs 24
Installing a MAMP on OS X 24
Configuring MySQL 25
Testing the Installation 28
Installing a LAMP on Linux 31
Working Remotely 31
Logging In 32
Using FTP 32
Using a Program Editor 33
Using an IDE 34
Test Your Knowledge 36
v
3. Introduction to PHP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Incorporating PHP Within HTML 37
Calling the PHP Parser 38
This Book’s Examples 39
The Structure of PHP 40
Using Comments 40
Basic Syntax 41
Understanding Variables 42
Operators 46
Variable Assignment 49
Multiple-Line Commands 51
Variable Typing 54
Constants 54
The Difference Between the echo and print Commands 56
Functions 56
Variable Scope 57
Test Your Knowledge 62
4. Expressions and Control Flow in PHP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Expressions 65
Literals and Variables 66
Operators 67
Operator Precedence 68
Associativity 70
Relational Operators 71
Conditionals 75
The if Statement 75
The else Statement 76
The elseif Statement 78
The switch Statement 78
The ? Operator 81
Looping 82
while Loops 83
do…while Loops 85
for Loops 85
Breaking Out of a Loop 87
The continue Statement 88
Implicit and Explicit Casting 89
PHP Dynamic Linking 90
Dynamic Linking in Action 90
Test Your Knowledge 91
5. PHP Functions and Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
PHP Functions 94
Defining a Function 95
Returning a Value 96
Returning an Array 97
Passing by Reference 98
Returning Global Variables 99
Recap of Variable Scope 100
Including and Requiring Files 100
The include Statement 100
Using include_once 101
Using require and require_once 101
PHP Version Compatibility 102
PHP Objects 102
Terminology 103
Declaring a Class 104
Creating an Object 105
Accessing Objects 105
Constructors 108
Writing Methods 109
Declaring Properties 110
Declaring Constants 111
Property and Method Scope in PHP 5 112
Inheritance 114
Test Your Knowledge 117
6. PHP Arrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Basic Access 119
Numerically Indexed Arrays 119
Associative Arrays 121
Assignment Using the array Keyword 122
The foreach…as Loop 122
Multidimensional Arrays 124
Using Array Functions 127
is_array 127
count 127
sort 128
shuffle 128
explode 128
extract 129
compact 130
reset 131
end 131
Table of Contents | vii
Test Your Knowledge 132
7. Practical PHP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Using printf 133
Precision Setting 134
String Padding 136
Using sprintf 137
Date and Time Functions 137
Date Constants 140
Using checkdate 140
File Handling 141
Checking Whether a File Exists 141
Creating a File 141
Reading from Files 143
Copying Files 143
Moving a File 144
Deleting a File 144
Updating Files 145
Locking Files for Multiple Accesses 146
Reading an Entire File 147
Uploading Files 148
System Calls 153
XHTML 154
The Benefits of XHTML 155
XHTML Versions 155
What’s Different? 155
HTML 4.01 Document Types 156
The HTML5 Document Type 157
XHTML 1.0 Document Types 157
XHTML Validation 158
Test Your Knowledge 159
8. Introduction to MySQL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
MySQL Basics 161
Summary of Database Terms 162
Accessing MySQL via the Command Line 162
Starting the Command-Line Interface 163
Using the Command-Line Interface 166
MySQL Commands 168
Data Types 172
Indexes 181
Creating an Index 182
Querying a MySQL Database 187
viii | Table of Contents
Joining Tables Together 196
Using Logical Operators 198
MySQL Functions 199
Accessing MySQL via phpMyAdmin 199
Windows Users 199
OS X Users 201
Linux Users 201
Using phpMyAdmin 201
Test Your Knowledge 202
9. Mastering MySQL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205
Database Design 205
Primary Keys: The Keys to Relational Databases 206
Normalization 207
First Normal Form 208
Second Normal Form 210
Third Normal Form 212
When Not to Use Normalization 214
Relationships 215
One-to-One 215
One-to-Many 216
Many-to-Many 216
Databases and Anonymity 218
Transactions 218
Transaction Storage Engines 219
Using BEGIN 220
Using COMMIT 220
Using ROLLBACK 221
Using EXPLAIN 221
Backing Up and Restoring 223
Using mysqldump 223
Creating a Backup File 224
Restoring from a Backup File 226
Dumping Data in CSV Format 226
Planning Your Backups 227
Test Your Knowledge 227
10. Accessing MySQL Using PHP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229
Querying a MySQL Database with PHP 229
The Process 229
Creating a Login File 230
Connecting to MySQL 231
A Practical Example 236
Table of Contents | ix
The $_POST Array 238
Deleting a Record 239
Displaying the Form 239
Querying the Database 240
Running the Program 241
Practical MySQL 242
Creating a Table 242
Describing a Table 243
Dropping a Table 244
Adding Data 244
Retrieving Data 245
Updating Data 246
Deleting Data 246
Using AUTO_INCREMENT 247
Performing Additional Queries 248
Preventing SQL Injection 249
Preventing HTML Injection 252
Test Your Knowledge 254
11. Form Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255
Building Forms 255
Retrieving Submitted Data 256
register_globals: An Old Solution Hangs On 258
Default Values 258
Input Types 259
Sanitizing Input 266
An Example Program 267
Test Your Knowledge 270
12. Cookies, Sessions, and Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271
Using Cookies in PHP 271
Setting a Cookie 273
Accessing a Cookie 273
Destroying a Cookie 274
HTTP Authentication 274
Storing Usernames and Passwords 277
Salting 277
Using Sessions 281
Starting a Session 281
Ending a Session 284
Session Security 286
Test Your Knowledge 289
x | Table of Contents
13. Exploring JavaScript . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291
JavaScript and HTML Text 291
Using Scripts Within a Document Head 293
Older and Nonstandard Browsers 293
Including JavaScript Files 294
Debugging JavaScript Errors 295
Using Comments 297
Semicolons 297
Variables 298
String Variables 298
Numeric Variables 298
Arrays 299
Operators 299
Arithmetic Operators 300
Assignment Operators 300
Comparison Operators 301
Logical Operators 301
Variable Incrementing and Decrementing 301
String Concatenation 302
Escaping Characters 302
Variable Typing 303
Functions 303
Global Variables 304
Local Variables 304
The Document Object Model (DOM) 305
But It’s Not That Simple 307
Using the DOM 308
Test Your Knowledge 309
14. Expressions and Control Flow in JavaScript . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311
Expressions 311
Literals and Variables 312
Operators 313
Operator Precedence 314
Associativity 314
Relational Operators 315
The with Statement 318
Using onerror 318
Using try…catch 319
Conditionals 320
The if Statement 320
The switch statement 321
The ? Operator 323
Table of Contents | xi
Looping 323
while Loops 323
do…while Loops 324
for Loops 324
Breaking Out of a Loop 325
The continue Statement 326
Explicit Casting 327
Test Your Knowledge 327
15. JavaScript Functions, Objects, and Arrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329
JavaScript Functions 329
Defining a Function 329
Returning a Value 331
Returning an Array 333
JavaScript Objects 333
Declaring a Class 333
Creating an Object 335
Accessing Objects 335
The prototype Keyword 336
JavaScript Arrays 338
Numeric Arrays 338
Associative Arrays 339
Multidimensional Arrays 340
Using Array Methods 341
Test Your Knowledge 345
16. JavaScript and PHP Validation and Error Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347
Validating User Input with JavaScript 347
The validate.html Document (Part One) 348
The validate.html Document (Part Two) 350
Regular Expressions 353
Matching Through Metacharacters 353
Fuzzy Character Matching 354
Grouping Through Parentheses 355
Character Classes 355
Some More Complicated Examples 356
Summary of Metacharacters 359
General Modifiers 360
Using Regular Expressions in JavaScript 361
Using Regular Expressions in PHP 361
Redisplaying a Form After PHP Validation 362
Test Your Knowledge 367
xii | Table of Contents
17. Using Ajax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 369
What Is Ajax? 369
Using XMLHttpRequest 370
Implementing Ajax via POST Requests 372
The readyState Property 374
The Server Half of the Ajax Process 375
Using GET Instead of POST 377
Sending XML Requests 379
About XML 381
Why Use XML? 383
Using Frameworks for Ajax 383
Test Your Knowledge 383
18. Introduction to CSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 385
Importing a Style Sheet 386
Importing a Style Sheet from Within HTML 386
Embedded Style Settings 387
Using IDs 387
Using Classes 387
CSS Rules 388
Using Semicolons 388
Multiple Assignments 388
Using Comments 389
Style Types 390
Default Styles 390
User Styles 390
External Style Sheets 390
Internal Styles 391
Inline Styles 391
CSS Selectors 392
The Type Selector 392
The Descendant Selector 392
The Child Selector 393
The Adjacent Sibling Selector 394
The ID Selector 395
The Class Selector 395
The Attribute Selector 396
The Universal Selector 396
Selecting by Group 397
The CSS Cascade 398
Style Sheet Creators 398
Style Sheet Methods 398
Style Sheet Selectors 399
Table of Contents | xiii
The Difference Between <div> and <span> 401
Measurements 402
Fonts and Typography 404
font-family 404
font-style 405
font-size 406
font-weight 406
Managing Text Styles 407
Decoration 407
Spacing 407
Alignment 408
Transformation 408
Indenting 408
CSS Colors 408
Short Color Strings 409
Gradients 410
Positioning Elements 411
Absolute Positioning 411
Relative Positioning 412
Fixed Positioning 412
Comparing Positioning Types 412
Pseudoclasses 413
Pseudoelements 415
Shorthand Rules 416
The Box Model and Layout 416
Setting Margins 417
Applying Borders 418
Adjusting Padding 419
Object Contents 420
Test Your Knowledge 421
19. Advanced CSS with CSS3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 423
Attribute Selectors 423
Matching Parts of Strings 424
The box-sizing Property 425
CSS3 Backgrounds 425
The background-clip Property 426
The background-origin Property 426
The background-size Property 428
Multiple Backgrounds 428
CSS3 Borders 430
The border-color Property 430
The border-radius Property 431
xiv | Table of Contents
Box Shadows 434
Element Overflow 435
Multicolumn Layout 435
Colors and Opacity 436
HSL Colors 437
HSLA Colors 437
RGB Colors 438
RGBA Colors 438
The opacity Property 438
Text Effects 439
The text-shadow Property 439
The text-overflow Property 439
The word-wrap Property 440
Web Fonts 440
Google Web Fonts 441
Transformations 441
Transitions 444
Properties to Transition 444
Transition Duration 444
Transition Delay 444
Transition Timing 445
Shorthand Syntax 445
Test Your Knowledge 447
20. Accessing CSS from JavaScript . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 449
Revisiting the getElementById Function 449
The O Function 449
The S Function 450
The C Function 451
Including the Functions 452
Accessing CSS Properties from JavaScript 453
Some Common Properties 453
Other Properties 455
Inline JavaScript 456
The this Keyword 457
Attaching Events to Objects in a Script 457
Attaching to Other Events 458
Adding New Elements 459
Removing Elements 460
Alternatives to Adding and Removing Elements 461
Using Interrupts 462
Using setTimeout 462
Canceling a Timeout 463
Table of Contents | xv
Using setInterval 463
Using Interrupts for Animation 465
Test Your Knowledge 467
21. Bringing It All Together . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 469
Designing a Social Networking Site 469
On the Website 470
functions.php 470
The Functions 470
header.php 472
setup.php 474
index.php 475
signup.php 475
Checking for Username Availability 476
checkuser.php 478
login.php 479
profile.php 481
Adding the “About Me” Text 482
Adding a Profile Image 482
Processing the Image 482
Displaying the Current Profile 483
members.php 485
Viewing a User’s Profile 486
Adding and Dropping Friends 486
Listing All Members 486
friends.php 488
messages.php 491
logout.php 493
styles.css

Learning PHP MySQL JavaScript and CSS By Robin Nixon Free Dwonload

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Learning PHP MySQL JavaScript and CSS By Robin Nixon Free Dwonload

 

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