Crash Course Gastrointestinal System ebook free download pdf

 

Crash Course Gastrointestinal System ebook free download pdf

Crash Course Gastrointestinal System ebook free download pdf

Crash Course Gastrointestinal System ebook free download pdf

Table of contents

Contents
Series editor foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Prefaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
1. Introduction to the gastrointestinal
system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Anatomical overview . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Functions of the gastrointestinal tract . . . . 1
Food groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2. The upper gastrointestinal tract. . . . . . . 9
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Functions and physiology . . . . . . . . . . 9
The mouth, oral cavity and oropharynx . . 15
Disorders of the mouth and
oropharynx. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
The oesophagus . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Disorders of the oesophagus . . . . . . . 25
3. The stomach. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Anatomy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Embryology and development . . . . . . 34
Histology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Functions and physiology . . . . . . . . . 37
Disorders of the stomach . . . . . . . . . 45
4. The small intestine. . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Anatomy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Embryology and development . . . . . . 54
Histology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Physiology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Digestion and absorption . . . . . . . . . 62
The flora of the small intestine . . . . . . 68
Disorders of the small intestine . . . . . . 68
5. The large intestine . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Anatomy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Embryology and development . . . . . . 78
Histology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
The flora of the large intestine . . . . . . 79
Functions and physiology . . . . . . . . . 79
Pharmacology of intestinal motility . . . . 81
Disorders of the large intestine . . . . . . 83
6. The liver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Anatomy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Embryology and development . . . . . . 102
Histology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Functions and physiology . . . . . . . . . 105
Pathological manifestations of liver
damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Systemic and organic manifestations of
liver damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Disorders of the liver . . . . . . . . . . . 122
7. The pancreas and biliary tract . . . . . . 135
The pancreas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Disorders of the exocrine pancreas . . . . 142
The biliary system . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
Disorders of the gallbladder and biliary
tract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
8. Clinical assessment of gastrointestinal
disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Common presentations of gastrointestinal
disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Dysphagia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Dyspepsia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Nausea and vomiting. . . . . . . . . . . 152
Abdominal distension. . . . . . . . . . . 152
Abdominal pain . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Weight loss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding . . . . . . . 156
Anaemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
Jaundice. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Diarrhoea and constipation . . . . . . . . 158
ix
Anal mass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
Faecal incontinence . . . . . . . . . . . 158
History and examination . . . . . . . . . 158
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
History-taking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
The structure of a history . . . . . . . . . 159
Gastrointestinal system examination . . . . 163
Investigations and imaging . . . . . . . . 170
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
Routine haemotological and biochemical
investigations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
Endoscopic examinations . . . . . . . . . 174
Imaging of the gastrointestinal system . . . 175
Single best answer (SBA) questions . . . 179
Extended-matching questions (EMQs). . 183
SBA answers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
EMQ answers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
x
Contents

Crash Course Gastrointestinal System ebook free download pdf

Crash Course Gastrointestinal System ebook free download pdf

Crash Course Gastrointestinal System ebook free download pdf

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